The concept of anti-Semitism has a long history, with the causes and definition of the phenomenon evolving over time. However, there are still many questions surrounding the topic, such as determining whether every attack on Jews is necessarily anti-Semitic or if criticism of the State of Israel is considered anti-Semitic. Additionally, the difference between anti-Semitism and racism is also a point of debate. Researchers and research institutes have attempted to cope with these conceptualization challenges associated with the concept of anti-Semitism. It is important to recognize that it can take many different forms and may not always be obvious. Furthermore, historical context and past instances of discrimination against Jewish people must also be considered when examining the issue.
Different strategies have been proposed for countering anti-Semitism in recent years. One approach is to focus on media strategies used by state representatives during asymmetrical conflicts, such as the use of source, message, and audience strategies to repair a country's image. Another approach is to examine the effectiveness of public diplomacy tools, such as social media initiatives. Additionally, some studies have suggested that Israel should pursue public diplomacy more aggressively in order to improve its image and reputation in the world, as national reputation has become a critical asset in the information age and "soft power" has become a major instrument of foreign policy. However, it is also important to consider the role of international organizations and NGOs in perpetuating negative stereotypes and discrimination against Israel, and the need to address these systemic issues in addition to individual efforts.
Antisemitism in academia refers to the presence of anti-Jewish attitudes and discrimination within educational institutions. This can manifest in various ways, including the exclusion of Jewish perspectives and voices in academic discourse, the use of anti-Semitic language or imagery in academic materials, and discrimination or harassment of Jewish students and faculty members. Organizations and institutions around the world have been promoting a boycott of Israeli academia as part of the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) movement, which aims to set public opinion against Israel and undermine its right to exist. However, this boycott is based on false accusations and misunderstandings about the role and achievements of Israeli academia. In addition to countering these arguments, it is also important to recognize the importance of education about the Holocaust and the need for evidence-based practice in order to conceptualize and deliver effective education. This includes understanding what has already been done and what is being done, deconstructing commonly held preconceptions, and reflecting on different approaches in different national contexts.